Today, the presence of a video surveillance system or CCTV cameras is the optimal solution for protecting the house and its inhabitants from thieves. Continued advances in technology have led the security sector, especially in recent years, to offer more efficient products for all needs and at extremely competitive prices.
We can ensure our security with a simple surveillance camera. Besides, now we can easily buy economically truly complex and efficient systems and home automation. In this article, we’ll try to find out what kind of home surveillance cameras are available in the market. Moreover, we’ll also look at its different types and how to choose them. This is a supplement to the security measures for burglary prevention.
What is a CCTV Camera?
CCTV is abbreviated as Closed Circuit Television. It is an electronic camera used for the video surveillance of your homes, businesses, and industries. It comes in different sizes, shapes, configurations, and styles. There’re myriads type of security cameras in the market that are designed for different purposes to cater to the security needs of residential and commercial owners.
What are the benefits of surveillance cameras?
Burglar alarm systems have a double function: firstly, they must prevent an intrusion into the house and, if it happens, be able to detect it and alert the person in charge as soon as possible.
While this may sound like a lie, the psychological aspect is important as this anti-theft system offers “peace of mind” to home users by notifying them when they try to enter the home. Don’t discourage possible thefts because they are really visible.
CCTV cameras are extremely useful because they allow you to track the activities of people visiting your home and office, as well as events. Collect evidence of possible burglary crimes occurring in your home.
It can help you make fair and just decisions when resolving disputes both at home and in your professional field.
Types of Outdoor CCTV Cameras
Thanks to technology, the market offers us a wide range of possibilities. Outdoor Security cameras are designed to withstand bad weather (rain, wind, etc.). The outdoor camera price is usually higher, mainly because of the protective case.
You can choose from the most modern with WiFi to the imaginary, as well as various types of surveillance cameras, depending on their functions and capabilities:
1. Bullet Cameras
The Bullet cameras have a long, slender, cylindrical design that resembles large ammunition. They are mainly used outdoors, especially in areas where long-term views are needed. This type of security camera works best as a home security camera. It can be used indoors where long-term inspection is required, such as in the backyard or parking lot. They are housed in a protective housing and are generally weatherproof. Most Bullet cameras have a fixed length that makes the field of view up to 80 degrees. A Bullet Camera usually has a fixed lens or varifocal lens.
2. C-Mount Camera
These cameras are a bit more sophisticated than others. C-mount CCTV cameras can use detachable lenses for a variety of purposes. That is, it allows users to modify it according to their needs. Typically, a CCTV camera can record up to 35 feet. However, a C-mount camera with a special lens can do it if you need surveillance beyond this distance. Varifocal lenses are often used to improve focal length and vision. They can be increased or decreased without losing focus.
3. Cameras with motion and zoom
They are typically used in large rooms with a security center where a person monitors and controls cameras. These robotic cameras have the ability to move when panning, tilting and zooming. They are relatively economical, and the price range for sale in the market is wide.
4. Infrared cameras or night vision
This type of tool is used for video surveillance in poorly lit rooms. They usually record well both in day and night time. They automatically turn on infrared with black and white vision. This camera is ideal for working outdoors and at night, where the light is almost zero. Infrared Cameras are the most expensive LED night vision devices on the market.
5. Hidden cameras
These are the so-called spy cameras for monitoring how your home, office, or business goes 100% unnoticed. It can be introduced inside some objects like; Motion sensors, smoke detectors, plugs, etc.
6. IP cameras
IP cameras can connect directly to the Internet, displaying their image. They are the most commonly used and sold in the market as they now also include WiFi. It allows you to control and view activities around your premises, which you can watch on your computer, smartphone, or tablet whether you are at home or not.
7. Vandal-resistant cameras
They are used in transit areas vulnerable to theft and possible attacks. It is mounted on sturdy, durable housing. It is often used in warehouses, parking lots, discos, streets, and in general in any open space.
How to choose a security Camera for your Premises?
There are several security cameras on the market. For this reason, you must look at the following aspects that can help you choose the right equipment.
· Wired or WiFi cameras?
A good option is to implement an IP camera system. It is a technology capable of combining the possibilities of a camera with those of a computer that analyzes the images we observe. We would know in real-time and remotely through an Internet connection or a local network with them. The video quality of these cameras is high, and details of the scene, people, and objects can be recognized. Especially if we opt for one of the many existing models capable of recording and transmitting in high resolution, it provides you best quality video. It would be best to choose cameras with a resolution of 1080p or higher to achieve higher image quality.
Wired IP camera systems can present a disadvantage at the time of installation. The wiring tends to be difficult to mount in physical accesses that are unsuitable or designed. It will undoubtedly be easier to find those areas of the passage of cables in an open industrial enclosure. Cameras with PoE technology are recommended to minimize this problem. It saves your costs in cabling and installation. It basically carries power and video through the same cable.
· Visibility in Low-Light Environment
Do you need the greatest focus on monitoring pools of light or at night, whether indoors or outdoors? The best option is to incorporate infrared or thermal cameras into your surveillance system. Its operation, unlike conventional cameras, does not depend on lighting conditions but the heat emitted by a body. Or, in the case of IR, infrared radiation is emitted to capture this invisible light to the human eye and shape a clear image of the environment, detecting objects, animals, and people, minimizing false alarms.
· Indoor or outdoor camera?
-Outdoor cameras: For outdoor use, they should have IP66 or IP67 certifications, a particularity. It ensures that they will withstand challenging environments and resist all types of climates. It can tolerate from -30 ° to 60 ° centigrade in most cases. More specialized models can maintain optimal performance, even at higher temperature ranges.
– Indoor cameras: In most cases, they are intended to be discreet and smaller than an outdoor chamber. They do not require high resistance and low temperatures. They generally have a wide-angle lens that allows them to cover a wide field of view of the area to be surveyed.
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